DEQ Home > Red Butte Creek Oil Spill > FAQs
Red Butte Creek Oil Spill: Frequently Asked Questions
- How Can Crude Oil Affect My Health?
- How Did Crude Oil Affect Red Butte Creek?
- How Far has the Spill Traveled?
- How is DEQ Responding to the Spill?
- How is the Oil Affecting the Aquatic Ecosystems?
- How Long with the Effects of the Spill Last?
- Was the Red Butte Creek Clean-up Sufficient?
- What are the Relevant Water Quality Standards of the Affected Waters?
- What is Crude Oil?
Our priority has been to monitor the spill. Quantifying the movement of the oil will help us determine its potential environmental impacts.
Once the spill has been contained and clean-up efforts are essentially complete, a more detailed sampling plan will be implemented. Over the next couple of days, we will place instruments which will allow us to continually measure the amount of Dissolved Oxygen in the waters. This information will help us determine the extent of the damage and will guide final clean-up actions. Future sampling will include collection of metals, total petroleum hydrocarbons, oil and grease, sediment, bugs, fish and other aquatic organisms.
Each oil spill is different and effects can be both short- and long-term. It is therefore important to make continued measurements of the amount of oil present in the environment and any ecological consequences that are observed. DEQ is just starting to obtain data now and will have a much better sense of environmental impacts once these data are evaluated.
In general, adverse affects can impact fish, birds, amphibians, bugs, algae, and even microbes. Because all of these animals are interrelated, oil spill effects on one group can potentially have indirect and longer lasting effects on others. Additionally, the susceptibility of species within each group also varies—further complicating data interpretation.
The severity of the any oil spill depends on the nature of the oil itself and characteristics of the environment. Water movement is a primary factor.
- In standing water, such as lakes and ponds, oil and tends to remain for a longer time than in flowing water. In extreme circumstances, oil can cover the entire surface of the water body.
- In flowing water, oil tends to move to the margins of streams or river, leaving some refuge for fish and other animals in the center of the stream.
While individual circumstances vary, oil spills have larger and longer lasting effects on the ecosystem of wetlands and lakes than they do for streams and rivers.
Visual observations are often the most reliable guide. Oil is unequally dispersed through the environment. As a result, it's difficult to get representative samples. See the attached maps for visual and chemical observations to date.
It is difficult to answer that question at this point. Adverse impacts from spills can last from weeks to decades. The most important step we can take now is to continue to collect data that will allow us to evaluate the extent of the problem and make informed decisions.
Red Butte Creek is designated as a Warm Water Fishery (3B) and for Waterfowl/Shorebirds (3D). The Jordan River is classified for Secondary Recreation (2B), as a Warm Water Fishery (3B), and for Agriculture (4). Utah's Water Quality Act and the Federal Clean Water Act require that the Division of Water Quality protect and maintain the health of warm water fish and for waterfowl and shorebirds and all of the necessary organisms in their food chain.